The work of the fiber of the chaguar is an exclusive task of Wichí women, the men help with the load. The objects that are produced are their source of subsistence.
The chaguar plant is a bromeliad (a type of tropical plant) that grows in the mount of Gran Chaco. Fibers are extracted from its leaves.
3. SEARCH & COLLECT
The women go into the bush with sticks or machetes, select leaves and tie them together to facilitate the transfer.
Each sheet is peeled manually to separate the chaguar fibers. Note: In 2017, based on a project by the Niwok Foundation with INTA and INTI, the first Chaguar Shredding Machine was obtained.
The fibers are pounded and scraped thoroughly to clean and degumm them.
The fibers are put in the sun to dry until they are whitish and they can be spun and dyed.
Each fiber is manipulated and twisted with the fingers impregnated in ash. In this way it becomes a strong thread and becomes tangled.
With roots, fruits, barks and leaves, dyes are prepared that will permeate the fibers when boiled.
Wichí women capture their designs based on their environment, they make the mesh in two versions:
Yica knit, looser.
Old point, tighter.
Also, frame or basket weaving technique can be used.
The coordinators meet monthly with the artisan groups and their coordinators to receive the products and make the payments.